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Heart Disease

Knowing the signs and symptoms of myocardial infarction could save your life

Clotting in the arteries is a main cause of myocardial infarction

Signs and symptoms of a myocardial infarction, which is also known as a heart attack, are usually and immediately recognized. They include uncomfortable pressure, pain in the centre of the chest and pain in the neck, arms or shoulders. Nausea, dizziness, trouble breathing, fainting and sweating can also occur. However, all of these symptoms can disappear and reappear, sometimes resulting in their being ignored.

Signs and Symptoms of Myocardial Infarction
Signs and Symptoms of
Myocardial Infarction

The signs and symptoms of myocardial infarction can also onset gradually, rather than suddenly. It may begin with chest pain (feeling a tightness, squeezing or pressure) that often radiates to the left arm. However, it can continue to the lower jaw, back, right arm or neck.

In women, the signs and symptoms of myocardial infarction can be different than those experienced in men. The most common heart attack symptoms in women are weakness, fatigue, chest pain and shortness of breath.

When the signs and symptoms of a myocardial infarction occur, it's the result of blood, which carries oxygen, not making it to the heart. The blood flows to the heart through the coronary arteries on the heart's surface. What occurs to prevent blood flow is a build-up of fatty deposits inside the arteries. The deposits are called plaque that slowly begin to clog the artery, eventually narrowing the inside of the blood pipes.

When the signs and symptoms of a myocardial infarction progress and go untreated, eventually the plaque will crack, blocking blood flow to the heart. Blood cells then stick over the damaged area of the heart to form a clot that will block blood flow. The heart can become permanently damaged if the artery remains blocked.

Signs and symptoms of a myocardial infarction can also be "silent," where there are no symptoms present. Although uncommon in most people, they are more likely among diabetics. Monitoring your blood pressure and watching for signs and symptoms of myocardial infarction is essential to maintaining your health.

 






















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